Atomization is he act and consequence of atomizing. East verb, in turn, can refer to spreading a liquid by expelling drops (grind up) or to segment a thing into very small portions.
For example: “The company introduced a new atomization device to facilitate the chores fumigation “, “The atomization of the fragrance is done automatically every hour”, “Analysts consider that the atomization of the vote harmed the opposition”.
Atomization appears in multiple contexts. As a synonym for spray, can we talk about agricultural atomization, which consists of applying herbicides, insecticides or other products to protect crops. Tiny droplets of pesticides are thus spread over the sown fields.
A process used for preserving food or drying products in a very short time is also known as atomization. With regard to drying, hot air is used in combination with low temperatures, so that the objects lose their moisture as quickly as possible.
Some of the applications of spray dryers are the following: the dehydration of emulsions and organic or aqueous solutions; micronization, a process that consists of reducing the size of the particles; microencapsulation by means of solid matrices of various products. The volume that can be atomized per unit of time varies from one device to another; for example, you could have a minimum of 50 milliliters and a maximum of 1 liter per hour.
As can be appreciated, the applications of spray drying equipment are wide. In more concrete terms, we can say that they encompass tasks specific to the industry food, such as the dehydration of yeast, milk, beer, baby food, tofu and whey, among many others, but also the microencapsulation of soybean oil using a matrix of maltodextrins or the micronization of cornstarch and lactose.
The idea of atomization can also be used with reference to a dispersion of physical or symbolic elements. A company that offers different services can bet on the atomization of its businesses, distributing its resources in different sectors: the same businessWithin this framework, it can provide telephone services, Internet connection, satellite television, content production and sale of telecommunications equipment.
A tactic of this type can be very beneficial in compensating the poor performance of a sector with that of the strongest at every step, but it also carries certain risks, such as the loss of definition in the market from the point of view of consumers , not counting the increase in complexity at the organizational level (both in the accounting department and in the research and development department) and potential legal conflicts (copyright lawsuits, restrictions on distribution in some regions).
The economy reserves a particular meaning for the term atomization, since it makes it the main feature of a market in which there are many sellers and buyers (who exercise the actions of supply and demand necessary for their subsistence) but none of them have a position preponderant, meaning that there is no seller or buyer whose decisions can alter the market equilibrium.
In the field of politics, there is talk of atomization of the electorate when the votes are divided among many parties. Suppose that, in a country, for many decades the 90% of the votes was distributed among the Socialist Party and the Liberal Party. One year, however, that same amount of votes was distributed among the Socialist Party, the Liberal Party, the Revolutionary Socialism Party, the People’s Party and the Communist Party. As can be seen, there was an atomization of the votes.