In order to know the meaning of the term that concerns us now, it is necessary, first of all, to discover the etymological origin of the two words that give it its shape:
-Gymnastics we can establish that it derives from the Greek, specifically from “gymnós”, which can be translated as “naked”.
-Artistic, on the other hand, comes from Latin. It is exactly the result of the sum of the following lexical components of that language: the noun “ars, artis”, which can be translated as “art”, and the suffix “-ica”, which is used to indicate “relative to”. In this way, the meaning of artistic is “relative to art.”
The idea of gymnastics refers to the activity carried out to achieve and maintain good physical condition through certain movements and exercises. Artistic, on the other hand, is that linked to art: a human manifestation that transmits thoughts or emotions through the use of different types of resources.
The concept of artistic gymnastics, in this framework, refers to a gymnastic specialty that is carried out with or without apparatus on a surface whose measures are determined by a regulation. It is a Athletic discipline which has origins dating back to the end of the XIX century.
On Athens 1896, artistic gymnastics became a sport male olympian. Just in Amsterdam 1928 women began to participate as well. That is why it is currently possible to distinguish between male artistic gymnastics and the female artistic gymnastics.
Artistic gymnastics competitions are usually individual, although there are group modalities. Each participant has between 30 and 90 seconds to show their skills according to the rules established by the International Gymnastics Federation.
Between the gadgets that can be used in artistic gymnastics appear the Fixed bar (or high bar), the uneven bars, the rings and the easel (also called horse jump or colt jump).
To excel in the field of artistic gymnastics, a gymnast needs to develop his flexibility and strength and achieve great muscular coordination. This allows you to complete your exercise routines while respecting the objective criteria that the jury is in charge of evaluating to establish the scores of each athlete in a competition.
It is considered that those who practice artistic gymnastics not only improve their flexibility and coordination, but also that it helps them to correct their body posture, improve their ability to pace, increase their self-confidence and to establish and consolidate what is their emotional stability.
Among the great figures who have stood out in this sporting discipline, we can highlight some such as the following:
-Nadia Comanecci, is a Romanian gymnast who is considered the best of all time. It has the peculiarity of having been the first to achieve a perfect score after an exercise.
-Svetlana Khorkina. She is of Russian origin and was European champion six times in a row.
-Almudena Cid, who is a Spanish gymnast who has the honor of having been the only one in the world to have participated in four Olympic finals.
Gervasio Defer, Vitaly Scherbo, Anna Bessonova or Tomás González are other important figures in this regard.