The notion of apeiron It is used in the field of philosophy. It is a concept coined by Anaximander of Miletus, who lived in the Ancient Greece Come in 610 BC and 545 BC. C.
For this philosopher, the apeiron is the indeterminate and infinite which constitutes the essence of arché or arche: the first element of things or of universe. The apeiron, thus, is the principle of the totality of existing things.
Anaximander held that the apeiron it is not a material element, but something linked to the everlasting. It is not possible to circumscribe the apeiron to space or weather.
The apeiron lacks limits and form and is indestructible. The Greek thinker affirmed that he is unbegotten and that, in turn, things are generated from him. According to each cycle, everything arises and returns to the apeiron.
Continuing with the thought of Anaximander of Miletus, from the apeiron the elements are born from which the substances arise. Besides being the beginning of the known, it acts as regulator when structuring the universe and achieve a Balance.
Being the original essence, the apeiron is present in all substances. Its laws even affect the gods, which are subject to its rules.
It is important to mention that Anaximander forged the idea of ápeiron from Thales of Miletus, who postulated that the Water it was the beginning of everything. Anaximander He warned that, being tangible, water must be subordinate to something else. He also considered that air and fire, for example, could alter it. From this vision, he thought of the apeiron as the point.