The Greek word antidotes came to Latin as antidŏtus. That is the closest etymological antecedent of antidote, a term that refers to the substance that allows counteract or compensate effects harmful to another.
Antidotes are products that nullify or neutralize the consequences caused by a chemical or poison. Due to their characteristics, they can make the toxic remain inactive or minimize its incidence, modifying its structure.
exist natural antidotes Y synthetic antidotes. Many times one’s own toxin it is used by humans to synthesize and produce antidotes.
Take the case of the so-called antisera. These are biological products that are used as antidotes when someone suffers a bite or one poisonous sting of a animal: a scorpion, a scorpion, a viper, etc.
Antidotes are applied with intramuscular injections or by intravenously, depending on the type. Its mechanism action it can consist of transforming, blocking or destroying the structure of the poison.
It should be noted that there are toxic products that include the name of their antidote on the label. In this way, before a accidental poisoning, doctors already know which substance to use for the treatment. That usually happens with many insecticides, for instance.
It is also called an antidote to that which serves to not suffer a trouble or do not commit a foul: “Children have to know that reading is a great antidote to boredom”, “The visiting team could never find the antidote against the goalscorer of the rival team”, “There is no effective antidote to avoid pain in the face of loss”.