Of the tongue Greekanthrōpomorphos) to Latin (anthropomorphos) and then to our language: that was the etymological route of the term anthropomorphous. This Greek word is the result of the sum of two clearly differentiated elements such as the following:
-The noun “anthropos”, which can be translated as “human being”.
-The word “morphe”, which is synonymous with “figure”.
The concept allows qualifying what has human appearance or form.
The idea of anthropomorphism, for its part, refers to the granting of human characteristics yet object, a plant or a animal. It is a common resource in the field of cinema, television and literature.
The Mickey Mouse, for example, he is an anthropomorphic character. Despite belonging to the species of mice, it walks upright, talks, and wears clothes and shoes. By its shape, its behavior and its qualities, therefore, it resembles a human being.
We can precisely underline that there is an important interaction between the concept of the anthropomorphic and the cinema. So much so that there is a genre or a subculture that calls itself furry fandom and that revolves around what are anthropomorphic fictional characters.
In the same way, it should not be overlooked that there is a large list of characters anthropomorphic that are already part of our cultural heritage. Among them we can highlight some such as the following:
* Donald Duck as well as his girlfriend, Daisy, the so-called Uncle Scrooge and the nephews;
* the mouse Minnie, Mickey’s girlfriend;
* the movie characters Ice age (2002).
In the same way, we cannot ignore that within what is children’s cinema is where more anthropomorphic characters can be found. A good example of this is that most of the animation they revolve around figures of that type or, at least, they have some that are.
In this way, we have films like “Cars”, where the protagonists are cars that talk and carry out activities typical of human beings, and others like “Madagascar”, where the animals of a Zoo they are the ones who dance, speak and travel as man can.
Anthropomorphism also usually appears when talking about aliens. These beings are often imagined anthropomorphic, with a head, two arms, two legs and other typical characteristics of the man. Mork, the alien character played by Robin williams in the tv series “Mork & Mindy”, is an example of an anthropomorphic creature.
In this case, however, it is a total anthropomorphism, since the Mork actor was shown on stage without any makeup or accessories that would alter his human appearance, but just like the rest of the actors. Although he is an anthropomorphic character because he was born in another planet and therefore he is not human, he looks exactly the same and he speaks one of our languages. The examples cited above are less extreme.
Greek mythology is another source of anthropomorphic characters. In this vast universe of fascinating gods and creatures, we meet the human likeness very often. The gods of Olympus are the clearest example, since they were not human beings but they were seen as such.
According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), the adjective anthropomorphic is also used in the zoology to qualify the primates that are part of the group of catarrhines (their nostrils are separated from each other by a septum and with an opening facing downwards) and that lack a tail.
The chimpanzees, the bonobos, the gorillas and the orangutans they are anthropomorphic apes. For his body, these animals are very similar to the members of the species Homo sapiens. In fact, they all belong to the superfamily of the hominoids.