The first thing we are going to do before proceeding to determine the meaning of the word anthology at hand is to make its etymological origin clear. In doing so, we will discover that it emanates from the Greek, more precisely it is the result of the sum of two components: “anthos”, which can be translated as “flower”, and the verb “legein”, which means “to choose”.
A anthology is a collection of pieces selected by their value or quality. The anthology, therefore, may consist of a compilation of stories, poems, songs, discs, etc.
For instance: “My wife gave me an anthology of Latin American poetry for my birthday”, “The Chilean writer is the only South American novelist who was selected to be part of the new literary anthology published by El Bosque”, “The singer reported that he will edit a bossa nova anthology, with his own interpretations of great hits of the genre”.
An anthology is generally understood to be a gathering of notable artistic works. This gives the public the ability to access high-value individual pieces within a single set or package. In this way, if a person buy one 20th century Swedish poetry anthology, to cite one case, you will be able to read the best poems produced in Sweden in said time period in the same book (or in several volumes, but belonging to the same publication).
There is a very funny and unique work entitled “Antología del disparate”. As its name indicates, this work, carried out by Julio Reboredo Pazos and Javier Serrano Palacio, which is a compendium of the biggest mistakes and absurdities that students have written in exams.
Thus, for example, among the most singular nonsense are those that say that the Eiffel Tower was invented by the Egyptians, that Plato studied in the Jesuits or that Christ died with two people at his side who were his bodyguards.
A anthology of Brazilian abstract painting, for its part, may consist of a exposition developed in a museum that brings together paintings of that style and origin selected by experts.
Any anthology that is carried out is important that it consists of the following parts: cover, presentation, prologue and review.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that there are different types of anthologies. It is true that they can be classified according to the kind of topic or area they address, but also by other criteria. In this sense, we could talk about two large groups of anthologies:
• The arbitrary ones, which are based on certain writings that the author considers, by his own decision or personal taste, to include them.
• Partials, which are sets of texts that share several common links.
It is easy to see that an anthology is always arbitrary Y partial. In a poetic anthology, how to determine which poems will be part of the set? The same can be said of a painting exhibition: should twenty, thirty or more paintings be exhibited?
The expression “Anthology”, on the other hand, allows to refer to Something out of the ordinary and therefore, worthy of being featured: “The English striker scored another anthology goal to give his team another victory”.