If we refer to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), we will find two meanings of the term anime, which comes from the Latin amineus. The first makes mention of a resin that is used for the production of drugs and medicines; the second is used in some countries and refers to the curbaril (a tree native to the American continent).
The concept anime, however, appears more frequently related to a japanese word which alludes to animation. The notion, in this framework, is used to name the cartoon of japanese origin.
Anime is a cultural and entertainment phenomenon that enjoys great popularity internationally. It’s about a art which is linked to sleeve (Japanese comics), the cosplay (the use of costumes) and other disciplines and trends.
Historical development of anime
Anime works were often drawn manually, although digital creations have become popular in recent years. Although there are multiple works anime with different characteristics, there is a typical style of Japanese animation that began to take shape in the decade of 1960.
Characters with very large eyes, thin lips, and strange hair constitute one of the most salient features of anime. The expressiveness of the faces, on the other hand, differentiates these drawings one of the most common in western animation.
In addition to everything indicated, we must highlight another series of relevant data of interest about anime, such as the following:
-It is considered that it has its origins at the beginning of the 20th century, specifically around the year 1910. This moment in which it was called doga and even senga eiga.
-The repercussion of this type of animation has reached such a point that a long list of specializations has been created within it to satisfy the tastes of all types of public. Thus, there are them for children, for students, for housewives, for sports enthusiasts … Specifically, among the most significant specializations are, for example, kodomo anime, which is the one aimed at children in general; shojo, which is created to satisfy the tastes of adolescent girls, or seinen, which is aimed at male adults and is identified by high levels of violence and sex.
-There are many genres within anime: maho shojo, which means girl with powers; the meitantei, who is the policeman; the sentai, which is about superheroes …
-The anime stories we have to establish that they tend to have certain links in common, in addition to those already indicated, such as these: presence of historical characters, very striking colors, “games with time” …
-Among the most important directors in the world of anime, who have ended up specializing in it, are from Mamoru Oshii to Hayao Miyazaki through Studio Ghibli.
“Spirited Away”, “Akira”, “Astroboy”, “Mazinger Z”, “Dragon Ball” and “Pokemon” are some of the television series and films most popular anime.
It should be noted that many of them have their origin or derivations in manga and video games.