The first thing we are going to do before getting fully into the clarification of the meaning of the word at hand is to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it derives from the Greek “amphitheatron” which is composed of the following elements:
-The term “amphi”, which can be translated as “both sides”.
-The noun “theatron”, which is equivalent to “place to see”.
It is a structure that can be shaped circular, oval or similar and that has steps, from where the public You can observe different types of events.
For instance: “The Irish band will perform tomorrow at the park’s amphitheater with free admission”, “The government announced that it will remodel the amphitheater of the lake to increase its capacity”, “Next week there will be a theatrical performance in the Roman amphitheater”.
The amphitheaters arose at the time of Roman empire to host fights between gladiators, sports competitions and others shows. According to historical records, the first amphitheaters were built at the end of the 2nd century BC.
In those amphitheaters, the lower areas were destined to the civil servants of the administration. Commoners were located in the middle, while the upper sectors were occupied by individuals without Rights and the women.
The Flavian Amphitheater, today known as Rome Coliseum, is the most famous amphitheater in the world. It was raised in the 1st century and had a capacity for 12,000 people. The current name of this construction that is part of the World Heritage of the UNESCO is linked to Colossus of Nero, a gigantic statue that was located nearby.
You can still see remains of Roman amphitheaters in countries What France, Spain, Italy, Tunisia and Algeria, among others. Some of them are in very good condition or have been restored.
Other examples of important amphitheaters are as follows:
-Amphitheater of Mérida. It was built during the Roman Empire in Emerita Augusta, what is now Mérida, at the end of the 1st century BC. It is listed as an Asset of Cultural Interest and even a World Heritage Site as part of the Archaeological Complex of the aforementioned city. It has an elliptical shape, has sixteen doors, its steps are divided into three sectors and it has two galleries that were used by gladiators to reach the arena.
-Amphitheater of Tarraco. In the current Tarragona is where this one is located, built during the Roman Empire. It is part of the archaeological site of Tarraco, listed as a World Heritage Site, and it is considered that it was built in the second century on what was an old funerary area. It is considered that in the same they were carried out from fights with animals to gladiatorial fights through exhibitions of an athletic type, massacres of Christians or hunting shows. It has an ellipse shape, has a capacity for 15,000 people and its dimensions are 130 x 102 meters.