It is known as astonishment to surprise, the stupefaction, the astonishment wave consternation that is produced by something unexpected or unthinkable. Astonishment can be caused by a positive event (pleasant), but also by a negative event (hurtful or painful).
For example: “The level of play shown by the Catalan team continues to amaze football lovers”, “I can’t get out of my amazement! Last night I saw how Santiago kissed Daniela “, “The technological development of the city usually generates amazement among visitors”.
A scientific discovery it can produce astonishment. Suppose that all known specimens of a certain species of insect are no larger than 5 centimeters. If an entomologist discovers a family of these insects with sizes that exceed 10 centimeters, the finding will generate amazement throughout the scientific community.
Various situations that modify the everyday are also in a position to cause astonishment. If a man who is married and has children and grandchildren, suddenly he begins to walk the streets of his neighborhood dressed as a woman, his appearance possibly causing astonishment in all the people who know him. Astonishment does not imply a positive or negative reaction: is associated with the surprise caused by what was not in the forecasts.
It is called capacity for wonder to the faculty of people to be surprised at the new and learn from it. This ability is also linked to the adaptation of individuals to a changing environment, since amazement derives from a change in expectations.
It goes without saying that human beings are not the only ones capable of astonishment, since other animals also react in this way to things that exceed the limit. frame from the known and can learn from them to understand and, in the best of cases, control them for their own benefit. In living with dogs and cats, among other species considered domestic, millions of people observe every day how their quadruped companions adapt admirably to our structures.
After all, wonder is the first step towards reflection and contemplation, two fundamental points of philosophy. To elevate ourselves it is necessary first of all to recognize ourselves in a position of inferiority with respect to knowledge; This does not mean that we should despise ourselves but, in any case, value ourselves fairly and precisely. No one can possess absolute knowledge, and that is why the astonishment at the unknown arises; once at this point, we have two options: ignore it or try to understand it.
We often associate the capacity for wonder with childhood, although the link between the two concepts is nothing more than a result of social impositions. While it is true that children face a greater volume of new and shocking situations every day, adulthood allows us to search for new horizons, beyond our circle of safety. Pay attention to curiosity it is a healthy practice; appeasing her is dangerous.
The great creations that revolutionize science and technology would not be possible if their authors left their talents in the raw, but must polish them with techniques and knowledge. This requires the modesty mentioned above, which gives rise to astonishment at everything that is beyond their possibilities and encourages them to tear down their walls.
In childhood, therefore, amazement is inevitable, since it is one of the fundamental resources that we have to grow up and develop. In adulthood, on the other hand, it is optional, although its benefits are incalculable to reach the highest levels of self-knowledge and self-improvement.