It is called airline or air Line to a company dedicated to transfer of cargo and / or passengers in aircraft. These companies generally have a fleet of planes of different characteristics.
It is important to note that there are different kinds of airlines. While some operate regularly determined routes, there are others that work from orders and specific agreements with their clients, carrying out what is known as charter flights.
Types of airlines
There are different types of airlines depending on the service they provide, the distances they cover and other characteristics. A first major differentiation can be made between the passenger airlines and the cargo airlines, although many Business They offer both benefits.
Passenger airlines usually make regular flights between different points. The traveler must adapt to the frequencies and schedules of the airline, buying the tickets that are more convenient for them. Cargo airlines have a similar operation, although they transport merchandise and packages.
A flag carrier, meanwhile, is owned by a Condition or has certain privileges granted by the authorities. In general, these airlines enjoy tax benefits and receive subsidies or subsidies for their operation, which is considered strategic. Argentinian airlines, Bolivian Aviation, Air Canada, British Airways Y Air India are some examples of flag airlines.
The low cost
Among the groups of airlines we find the budget airlines or low cost, also known with the English expression low cost. These companies take away or charge various extra services conventionally offered by traditional airlines to all their passengers.
The key to the business of these airlines lies in cutting costs. This allows them to have rates lower than the rest of the companies, although this reduction has an impact on user comforts.
The usual thing is that low cost airlines operate a single type of aircraft and that their tickets do not include food no snacks. They also charge separately for the transfer of suitcases and even the use of blankets or pillows. The Irish Ryanair, The English easyJet, Argentina Flybondi, the American southwest Airlines and the czech SmartWings they are low cost airlines.
Many airlines are grouped into air alliances, born from the signing of cooperation agreements. In this way, the different companies optimize their operation and make it easier for passengers to carry out connections.
The key to air alliances are the agreements of code share, through which the airlines operate certain routes jointly. Air alliances also allow their members to share facilities and Offices.
Oneworld (which includes American Airlines, British Airways, Iberia Y Qatar Airways, among other airlines), Star alliance (Air Canada, United Airlines, Lufthansa, Air China) Y SkyTeam (Argentinian airlines, Delta Air Lines, air France, KLM) are the main airline alliances in the world. Together they operate thousands of flights a day, transporting a huge number of travelers globally.