Agave it’s a finished which comes from a word in scientific Latin, in turn derived from Agave. The farthest etymological root is found in the Greek Agauḗ (Agave), which is the name by which the mother of the mythological king was known Penteo.
The myth mind that Agave, accompanied by other Bacchantes (participants of the festivals dedicated to the god Dionysus or Bacchus, known as bacchanalia), dismembered Penteo for not accepting the divinity of Dionysus.
The agave, a plant native to Mexico
After this introduction linked to the etymology, we can focus on the idea of agave. This is the name of a plant which is native to the Mexican territory and belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family group.
Also know as pita or maguey, the agave has fleshy and spiny leaves and bunches of yellow flowers. It is estimated that there are more than three hundred species of agave, whose diversification began about twelve million years ago.
Beyond some differences, all agave species are similar in shape. Grow in weather semi-dry and with abundant sun exposure.
A schnapps is a alcoholic beverage obtained by distillation. With the liquid that is extracted from the trunk of the agave, several of these can be made drinks.
The tequila, for example, is produced with the juice of tequila agave or blue agave (Tequilana agave). It is possible to distinguish between 100% agave tequila (which does not include other sugars other than those of the plant) and the tequila (which includes the incorporation of more sugars).
By fermenting and distilling the heads of this plant, meanwhile, the mezcal. In this case, species such as Agave potatorum, the Agave angustifolia, the Salmiana agave or the Agave sperrima.
The Agave atrovirens and the Salmiana agave, on the other hand, are used for the production of pulque. This drink involves fermenting the mead (juice) of the plant, which is extracted with the help of a acocote (an elongated gourd that is pierced at the tips and allows extraction via suction of the liquid).
In Sonora the preparation of bacanora, a drink that requires cooking, fermenting and distilling the Agave vivipara. The rootlet and the liqueur of cocuy They are also made based on species of the genus Agave.
Agave in the textile industry
With agave, not only drinks can be produced. The fibers present in its leaves are used to obtain a yarn of good quality that is used in multiple ways.
The Agave sisalana and the Agave fourcroydes are the species that are usually used to generate threads. This activity gave rise to the call henequen industry, denomination derived from the common name of the Agave fourcroydes (henequen).
The production process begins with the shredding or scraping of the leaves, which allows obtaining the fiber with which they are made. threads, strings Y fabrics. The agave, in this way, is used to make sacks intended for the storage of grains and for the manufacture of fabrics used in wall cladding, to name a few possibilities.