The roman law had a legal institution known as adrogation. It was about type of adoption through which the adopted subject ceased to be sui iuris (condition produced by not being under the parental authority of another person) and became alieni iuris (by remaining under the parental authority of the adrogate).

AdrogationAdrogation, therefore, pointed to the protection of sui iuris, who lacked parental authority as they did not have a living older male of male descent. For this adoption it was necessary to demonstrate utility for the individual addicted and have the consent of the tutors or the closest relatives.

With the adrogation, the adrogator received the goods of the adrogated by the adoption certificate. This is linked to the fact that the victim renounced his independence and, by extension, his properties.

In the event that the attorney was emancipated, he recovered his assets plus a percentage of the patron’s assets. If the victim died, on the other hand, his family of origin received their goods.

It is important to mention that the execution of the adrogation required several consultations. On the one hand, the adopter he was asked if he agreed to take the adopted child as his son. On the other hand, adopted he was asked if he consented to take the addict as a father. Finally, it was investigated if the people (populus) gave his consent. Once the town assemblies stopped taking place, the adrogation began to take effect from a decree of the emperor.