The word abortion It comes from the Latin abortus, which in turn derives from the term aboriginal. This concept was used to refer to the opposite of orior, that is, the opposite of being born. Therefore, abortion is the interruption of fetal development during pregnancy, when it has not yet reached twenty weeks. After that time has passed, the termination of pregnancy before delivery is called preterm delivery.
Simply put, abortion involves terminating the pregnancy, preventing the fetus from developing and a child being born. For instance: “The singer confessed that, when she was young, she underwent an abortion”, “The Church ratified its firm condemnation of abortion”, “Justice authorized abortion to the girl raped by her stepfather”.
There are two types of abortions: spontaneous or natural, and the induced. Miscarriage occurs when a fetus is lost through natural causes. Statistics indicate that between 10% and 50% of pregnancies end due to a natural abortion, which is usually conditioned by the Health and the age of the mother.
The induced abortion, on the other hand, it is one deliberately caused with the aim of eliminating the fetus, either with or without medical assistance. It is estimated that about 46 million women a year use this practice worldwide. Of that total, about 20 million perform unsafe abortions, which put the life of the woman at risk. woman.
In the event that the abortion is induced and through the necessary medical assistance, it must be emphasized that it follows various procedures that assume that they are undertaken with all the guarantees for the patient. Thus, in the medical centers that are going to perform the operation, a series of vital and preliminary steps are followed, such as data collection, ultrasound, analysis, psychosomatic consultation and the well-known and necessary medical examination.
These steps are also those that are undertaken in patients who are in the second trimester who are routinely subjected to the dilation and evacuation technique. A procedure that is characterized, among other things, because it is not very harmful for the woman, which means that even on the same day of the intervention, she can go home without having to be hospitalized.
Likewise, to the types of abortion mentioned, we must also add what is known as pharmacological abortion that is based on the use of mifepristone or RU 486. A medication is that, frequently, needs to be complemented by instrumental support, specifically with what is known as scraping.
In the same way, it is important to emphasize that the woman who takes this drug must be aware of the set of symptoms that she will have and that are similar to those suffered by all women who have a spontaneous abortion. Among them can be found bleeding, strong menstrual pain, vomiting, diarrhea or fever.
Most national laws distinguish between two classes of induced abortions: therapeutic and elective. The therapeutic abortions they are justified from the intention of preserving the life of the mother who, in the event of continuing the pregnancy or the birth, could be at risk of life. This type of abortion is also ordered by a doctor when the unborn baby carries a serious genetic or congenital disease.
The elective abortionsInstead, they are usually decided when the pregnancy is caused by a sexual offense (rape) or when the woman is unable or unwilling to support her child for economic and social reasons. In most countries, this practice is prohibited by the law with the exception of a few cases (rape of a minor, for example).