From Latin abdication, abdication is the action and effect of abdicating (decline to sovereignty or give it up, give it up Rights or advantages). The term is also used to name the document in which this abdication consists.
For instance: “The prince decided to abdicate after the war with the neighboring town”, “Let all subjects and lackeys know: abdication is not an option for His Majesty”, “The abdication of King Martin IV left the throne in the hands of his son Felipe”.
In the XXI century we are witnessing, for example, some abdications by the kings who are in charge of their countries in Europe. This would be the case, for example, of the Spanish monarch Juan Carlos I who, after thirty-nine years on the throne, has abdicated in favor of his son.
Thus, in the aforementioned nation there is now a new king. And it is that Prince Felipe has gone on to become the monarch Felipe VI and his wife, Queen Letizia. In this way, the heir to the throne is his first-born, Princess Leonor.
The abdication, in short, implies an act through which a subject surrenders his position by himself before the expiration of the term. weather previously established. It is a concept similar to that of resignation.
In ancient times, the notion was also used to name the act of dispossessing a family member (like disinheriting a child). Nowadays, instead, abdication is used almost exclusively in the aforementioned sense of renouncing a can.
Throughout history there have been numerous momentous abdications. Diocletian (244–311), for example, was the first Roman emperor to voluntarily leave office. This man abdicated in 305 finding himself ill and cornered by various problems.
Cristina from Sweden (1626–1689), meanwhile, abdicated in 1654, the same year he left Protestantism and converted to Catholicism. Felipe V of Spain, Luis Bonaparte of Holland, Victor Manuel of Sardinia, Ferdinand of Austria, Nicholas II of Russia and Farouk I of Egypt they are other monarchs who, at a certain point in their reign, opted for abdication.
In the same way, we must not forget the well-known Bayonne Abdications, which took place in 1808 in the French city that gives them their name. In particular, what they supposed was that the kings Carlos IV and Fernando VII, son of the previous one, decided to renounce the throne of Spain in favor of the famous Napoleon Bonaparte. This figure, in turn, proceeded to do the same for the benefit of his brother: José Bonaparte, popularly known in the country as “Pepe Botella” for his love of alcohol.
The latter ruled under the name of José I and was serving as such until 1813, at which time it would be necessary to leave Spain due to different conflicts and lost battles. From his time on the throne it has also been noted that he was also nicknamed “The king squares”, because he opened many squares in the city of Madrid.