Nineteenth-century it’s a adjective that is used to allude to that related to the XIX century. This means that the nineteenth century occurred, occurred or had an influence between January 1, 1801 and December 31, 1900.
The nineteenth century it was characterized by great social and economic transformations. The Industrial Revolution that started in the century XVIII, for example, was consolidated in the XIX century, allowing the growth of wealth. The creation of various types of machines; the rise of the railroad and the steamship; and the construction of canals and roads are some of the factors that led to changes in the society and in the economy.
The 19th century world it also included the independence of many American countries. Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay were some of the nations that proclaimed their independence at XIX century.
The idea of the nineteenth century is often used to qualify persons who lived in those years. In this way one can speak of 19th century musicians, 19th century writers, 19th century painters, etc.
It can be considered German Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the great nineteenth-century musicians, since he passed away in 1827. Between the 19th century philosophers most important appears Karl Marx (1818–1883), while among the 19th century artists you can find French painters like Edgar degas (1834–1917) and Paul cezanne (1839–1906).
Nineteenth-century, finally, it can be linked to what happened from fashion or it turns out outdated: “There are trade unionists who intend to continue managing power with a nineteenth-century leadership that no one accepts anymore”, “I believe that our party must update itself and not remain tied to a nineteenth-century liberalism”, “I am bored by books written in a nineteenth-century language”.