In Latin it is where we find the etymological origin of the term defamation. And it comes from the Latin verb “diffamare”, which is composed of two clearly differentiated parts: the prefix “dis-“, which is equivalent to “divergence”, and the verb “famare”, which is synonymous with “make fame ”.
Defamation is the defamation action and effect (to discredit someone by spreading information that is contrary to your reputation or good reputation). For instance: “I will not allow the defamation of my children through the media”, “Despite the lies of the opposition candidate, the defamation had no effect and the people came back to join us in these elections”, “The defamation that these photographs represented for his public image was very great”.
It can be said that defamation is intended to harm a person from an accusation. The aim is for such defamation to affect the dignity or the honor of the subject, discrediting it. An individual can be defamed based on the communication of a real event, but also with lies and falsehoods.
In the case of Spain, we have to establish that defamation is a crime that is regulated in the Penal Code, specifically between articles 205 and 216. In these sections what is done is to establish what are the crimes of slander and insults as well such as the penalties that are established for the people who carry them out:
• Slander. It is the action carried out by every person accusing another of having committed a crime, knowing that it is a lie or with an absolute disregard for the truth. In this case, the individual who carries it out can face jail terms of up to two years as well as fines of twenty-four months.
• Injury. In this case, we can say that it is both the expression and the action that someone performs undermining or seriously injuring the dignity and fame of another individual, even going so far as to undermine what would be their own estimation. The Spanish Penal Code in this case establishes that injuries that are considered serious can be punished with up to fourteen months’ fine.
It must also be established that in any of these crimes, in addition to the prison sentence or the fine, the person who carried them out, in the ways that the judge decides, must make his sentence public. And it is that thus, to a certain extent, it will repair the damage caused.
If an entrepreneur mistreats To your employees, they can begin to tell the situation in various areas. In this way, the defamation of the employer will be in progress since society will not endorse his actions. The image of the abuser, therefore, will be tarnished.
Another possibility is that the employer, in reality, is a just man with correct behavior, and that the denounced acts are only one lie of a company with which it competes in the market. In this case, the employer must endeavor to prove the falsehood of the statements so that his honor is not affected by the defamations. Society’s reaction will show whether or not they believe the man involved in the public complaint.