Determining the etymological origin of the term conjugation means having to go to Latin. And it is that that word emanates from the Latin word “coniugatio”, which is made up of three perfectly delimited parts: the prefix “with”, which is synonymous with “together”; the name “iugum”, which can be translated as “union or yoke”; and finally the suffix “-ción”, which is equivalent to “action and effect”.
Conjugation is the action and effect of conjugating (state the different forms of a verb according to their ways, times, people and numbers; combine various things with each other; compare one thing with another).
In the grammar, therefore, the conjugation is the ordered series of the various forms of the same verb. The concept is also used to name the groups into which verbs of the same inflection are classified.
The conjugation, therefore, depends on issues such as verbal predication according to the time of the action, the information on whether said action has already concluded and the number of participants in the process.
Taking this as a reference, we can use the term “we laughed” as an example. In it you can discover that it is in the indicative mood, that it is plural, that it belongs to the first person and that it is in the past imperfect.
For example: the conjugation of the verb “to drink” in its various forms is formed by the terms “I drank”, “I drink”, “I will drink”, “you drank”, “babies”, “You will drink”, “Drank”, “baby”, “Will drink”, “we drank”, “we drink”, “we will drink”, “You drank”, “You drink”, “You will drink”, “Drank”, “They drink” and “They will drink”. Each of these conjugations allows to form different expressions: “Thanks, but I don’t drink when I work.”, “After dinner, you will drink the chocolate liqueur that I prepared”, “We drank until dawn”, “The young people drank non-stop until Manuel arrived”.
When conjugating any verb, it is important to be clear that there are two types of verb forms. Thus, on the one hand, there are personal ones, which are those in which both the time factor and the subject that is in relation to it take relevance.
On the other hand, there are the non-personal forms of the verb, also known by the name of non-finites, which have the peculiarity that they do not require a specific subject. Specifically, there are three types of these verb forms: the infinitive, which usually ends in “ar”, “er” or “go”; the participle, which ends in “ado” or “gone”; and the gerund, which is identified because it bets on ending in “ando” or “endo”.
Examples of participles are to eat, sleep or snoring, while of the participle they act as signs dreamed, danced or desired. On the other hand, examples of gerund are walking, laughing or singing.
In the field of biology, the conjugation is fusion of cell nuclei for reproductive purposes. It is known as bacterial conjugation the process of transferring genetic information that begins in a donor cell and is directed to a recipient cell.
The notion is also used in the physical to name the operation that converts the states of a particle into states of its corresponding antiparticle.