In order to know the meaning of the term claustrophobia, it is necessary to discover, first, its etymological origin. In this case we can establish that it is a neologism that was formed from two clearly differentiated parts:
-The Latin word “claustrum”, which can be translated as “closed” or “bolt”.
-The Greek noun “phobia”, which is synonymous with “irrational fear of something.”
Starting from these two terms, claustrophobia was formed in 1879 by Benjamin Ball, a professor at the University of Paris.
The claustrophobia is the phobia that is experienced towards closed places. Be part of the so-called anxiety disorders, which occurs when the person suffers from anxiety that is pathological.
In the case of claustrophobia, afraid and the aversion they arise when the individual is in a small environment, in a tunnel, in a cave or in an elevator, to name a few possibilities. The phobia is linked to the eventual negative effects related to this type of space, such as running out of air.
In general, the claustrophobic tries to avoid closed places since they feel vulnerable and without freedom. When accessing these kinds of places is unavoidable, you begin to have various sensations derived from the high level of anxiety: dizziness, tachycardia, suffocation, sweating, tremors, etc. Once you move away from what is causing the phobia, the anxiety is reduced and the symptoms disappear.
The development of claustrophobia usually occurs before a traumatic experience in a closed place. Yes one person suffers an accident in a tunnel and is trapped for ten hours until rescued, possibly starting to panic being in a place without natural light and with little ventilation. Claustrophobia can also be contracted by witnessing or hearing a negative event such as the one mentioned.
The treatment of claustrophobia is carried out with sessions of therapy together with a psychologist or psychiatrist. The professional tries to get the patient to develop the necessary tools to control and modify the pathological reaction triggered by closed spaces and thus overcome fear.
Other important facts about claustrophobia include the following:
-The studies carried out on this fear must be established that they indicate that, as a general rule, it is due to some type of traumatic situation experienced during childhood. Situation that led to the person being locked in a dark room, being locked inside a closet …
-Having thoughts that you are going to run out of air or that you are going to die, chest pain, nausea or even severe headaches are other symptoms that claustrophobics experience when faced with a situation that brings to light that fear that feel.
-In addition to sessions with a psychologist or psychiatrist, treatment may consist of the use of drugs, such as anxiolytics, or the use of relaxation tools, as would be the case, for example, of the so-called mindfulness, which in recent years years has gotten so much relevance.