In order to discover the meaning of the term budding, it is necessary, first of all, to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can underline that it is a word that derives from Latin, exactly from “gemmatio” which means “formation of a bud” and that it is the result of the sum of several lexical components of that language:
-The noun “gemma”, which is synonymous with “yolk”.
-The suffix “-cion”, which is used to indicate what “action and effect” is.
The first meaning of the term mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in your dictionary refers to process of creating a gem, button or bud for the development of a branch, a flower or a leaf.
Beyond this specific use of the concept in the field of botany, the idea of budding also refers to a method of asexual reproduction of vegetables Y Invertebrate animals. Budding consists of the separation of a fragment of an individual, which develops until it generates a copy similar to the original.
Budding occurs by division mobile. As the new organism grows, it remains attached to its parent, until it reaches maturity and is separated. It is important to mention that the parent and the new specimen share the genetic code, since the former transmits it to the latter.
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore either that there are two types of gemations fundamentally:
-The budding of survival. This, like its own name, is what organisms carry out when they discover that there are a series of unfavorable conditions that can put them in serious danger. So, faced with this situation, in order to survive, they choose to increase their number, that is, the number of descendants. This type of budding can be found, for example, in coral polyps.
-Spreading budding. This second type of budding is the one that takes place when organisms live with unbeatable and favorable environmental conditions. In that case, what they do is bet on starting to multiply through budding for two main reasons: to take advantage of and make the most of the resources they have and to increase their number of descendants.
The corals, certain earthworms and several sponges they reproduce from the budding of the mother. Beyond these multicellular animals, budding also occurs as asymmetric mitosis in single-celled organisms, consisting of the appearance of a bud (a bulge) in the cell or plasma membrane.
In the same way, we have to emphasize that viruses that have a lipoprotein envelope also reproduce through budding.
Between the floors, the hydra it is one of the species that reproduces by budding. In this case, a sprout first arises from successive cell division at a certain site. The shoot develops into a small specimen and finally detaches from the plant, beginning its life as an independent individual.