Before entering fully into the clarification of the meaning of the term bifurcation, we must begin to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it is a word of Latin origin, since it derives from “bifurcatio” and it in turn from “bifurcus”. This term is the result of the sum of two clearly differentiated parts:
-The prefix “bi-”, which can be translated as “two”.
-The noun “hurca”, which is used to refer to a gallows that has two teeth.

Fork is the act and the result of fork or fork: the division in two appendices, parts or branches. It is called a bifurcation, therefore, when place where something forks.

For instance: “To get to the lagoon you have to follow this road for about ten kilometers; then you will find a fork, you will have to turn left and go two more kilometers “, “The criminals fled together to a fork, where each took his own path”, “The bifurcation of the canal allows the water to reach all the towns in the region”.

The roads, such as highways (routes), streets, or avenues, may have forks to reach different places or to avoid some kind of obstacle. It can be said that a fork implies that the road in question divides into two: one goes to the left and the other to the right.

In the field of geography, is called a bifurcation to the division in two of the most important current of a river. The river Orinoco, to cite one case, has a fork in the state Amazon which gives rise to Casiquiare canal, also know as casiquiare arm. With a route of more than 300 kilometers, the Casiquiare link to Orinoco with the river Amazon, of which it is tributary through the river Black.

The bifurcation theory, in the field of mathematics, analyzes the alterations in the topological or qualitative structure of the behavior of a system of equations. Manufacturers software, on the other hand, they appeal to the idea of ​​bifurcation to refer to the development of a project that takes a different direction from the main one, starting from the same source code that already exists.

The bifurcation term used with respect to computing, we can say that it differs when it comes to proprietary software. And it is that in this case the term that concerns us is used to refer to what is the creation of two versions of the same program so that it can be used in different operating systems.

In this way, what is achieved is to expand the market, improve business figures and adapt to the needs of different types of customers.

In the field of finance, there is also talk of bifurcation. More precisely, it is used in the field of Bitcoin, the well-known payment and merchandise system. Specifically, in this area it is used as a synonym for several facts, elements or situations:
-It is used to mention what is an update of the code of the aforementioned Bitcoin.
-As block code.
-In the same way, it is also used as a synonym for Bitcoin source code clone.