Berry, from French baie, is a term that is used to name a fleshy fruit that has pulp, in which the seeds are found. The berries are generally edible, like the grapes and the cucumbers.
In berries, the wall of the ovary it becomes, when ripe, a very fleshy pericarp. The seeds are distributed throughout the pulp and have one or more carpels.
There are different types of berries, such as polybend (multiple berries) and peponids (berries of cucurbits). Polybeads are syncarpals: fruits that fuse. A example Polibaya is the custard apple, which is the fruit of Annona cherimola.
The cucumber, the pumpkin, the cantaloupe and the watermelonOn the other hand, they are berries of the cucurbits. In this case, the external mesocarp and the exocarp harden, giving rise to a shell that allows the internal meat to be stored for a prolonged period of weather.
From a botanical point of view, many commonly consumed fruits are berries. The lemon, the tangerine and the OrangeTo cite three cases, they are considered as modified berries. These are hesperidia, fruits with hardened pericarp (but not too much) and meat in the endocarp. This fleshy sector is constituted by the carpels that swell between the walls of the ovary. It should be remembered, as we mentioned above, that in traditional berries the fleshy part is formed by the pericarp (whose layers are the endocarp, the mesocarp and the epicarp).
Goji berries and their health benefits
It is known as Goji to a plant whose habitat is in Tibet, in the high altitude mountains, and belongs to the family from which the tomato also arises. The fruit has an invaluable wealth in fiber, vitamins, proteins, antioxidants, calcium and sugars, among other components, and this makes it very beneficial for the proper functioning of our body.
One of the effects of Goji berries that many pursue is the anti-aging, which the Chinese already described in their ancient medical manuals. It is believed that the secret of this property It is found in its content in polyphenols, carotenes, trace elements and polysaccharides, all antioxidants that allow to delay the aging of cells.
Antioxidants are also useful against oxidative stress, a disorder that occurs as a result of an imbalance between the amount of free radicals and antioxidants, and it damages cells. Precisely, premature aging is one of its most obvious consequences, as well as the loss of elasticity and moisture in the skin.
The Vitamin A present in Goji berries, which is found as beta-carotene, is able to reduce the time necessary for the eye to adapt to the absence of light, so that it can be used to treat or prevent Night blindness. Our eyes are constantly exposed to various threats, such as ultraviolet rays; Thanks to lutein and zeaxanthin, among other antioxidant flavonoids in these berries, it is possible to prevent the damage caused by macular degeneration and cataracts, in addition to stimulating visual acuity.
Since cardiovascular diseases cause a higher number of deaths annually than cancer, it is necessary to take all possible measures to prevent them. At present, the stress It is almost impossible to avoid, since it arises as a result of sedentary lifestyle, poor diet and the demands of society, factors that usually lead to high blood pressure. The Goji berry is also recommended to avoid this deterioration of the cardiovascular system so common in this era.