The Italian term bastion arrived in Castilian as bastion. The concept makes mention of a bulwark: a fortification that arises when two wall curtains come together. The bastions are usually composed of two flanks that allow their connection with the wall, two faces that generate an outgoing angle and an entrance gorge.
Its development took place during the last half of the 15th century and was included in the so-called Italian trace, a type of fortification that was created at that time to face the French army in its attempt to encroach his territory. Since the French had modern cannons that could destroy medieval fortifications with great ease, an architectural innovation was necessary to reduce their chances of victory.
The bastion reached all parts of the European continent at the beginning of the 16th century precisely to leave behind the ineffectiveness of the old fortifications against cannon attacks, given the thinness of its heights. ramparts.
Let’s see below some of the most popular bastion types:
* to pincer: also known simply as bastion gripped, and is the one that presents an inlet formed by its flanked angle;
* chopped up: this type of bastion has one or two angles starters instead of flanked;
* of dried apricots: the ear, the name given to one of its faces, covers its convex angles and withdraws towards the center with its extremity;
* outstanding: it is a fortress built in the style of a bastion;
* double: its construction takes place in combination with that of more bastions, for which it is necessary to have enough space;
* irregular: it is characterized by not being symmetrical;
* full: it has an embankment inside;
* half: has a flank and a face;
* pie: This type of bastion is also known as flat, and its main feature are its half ruffles, which form a straight line;
* real: its construction takes place at the extremities of the large industrial estates, those that measure between 150 and 200 meters. Very large troops can be housed inside it and its solidity gives it great resistance to attacks more violent;
* regular: presents an equivalence between its angles and their corresponding lines;
* blunt: it was built at an incoming angle;
* simple: its embankment has in the middle a space destined to the construction of buildings such as the powder magazines;
* empty: it is the bastion that has not been completely filled.
It can be said that the bastion is a fortified enclosure whose projection is carried out out of the central sector of the fortress in question. Usually they are installed in the corners, a location that allows to improve the conditions of the defending.
Bastions are generally shaped pentagonal (the two faces, the two flanks and the gullet), a design that makes it possible to cover the walls and the other bastions through the crossfire.
In ancient times, the bastions meant that, when a troop tried to take for assault a fortress, had to place its artillery batteries at a great distance. That is why the attacks were difficult.
The idea of bastion can also be used in a symbolic sense to name the most important precept of a theory or a doctrine. Bastion, in this framework, is that on which a system is built or a certain scaffolding is supported: “The abolition of private property is the bastion of communism”, “Our political movement has honesty as its main bastion”, “The Uruguayan midfielder is the bastion of the local team”.
BastionFinally, it is the name of a villain created by Marvel comics that faces the X Men. This character first appeared in a post by nineteen ninety six.