Barrack It is a term with etymological origin in the Catalan language. The notion has several uses depending on the region and the context.

The first meaning referred to by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in your dictionary refers to a precarious housing It is built in a rustic way. The barracks arise from the need to have a home and the impossibility of carrying out a formal construction or renting / buying a property.


A barrack can be a precarious home.

Irregular settlements

Many times the barracks are grouped in irregular settlements. These are neighborhoods that develop without respecting urban planning regulations and that tend to lack essential services such as electricity and drinking water.

In general, the barracks are built by the people themselves. families that reside in them. Architects and engineers are not usually involved, which can lead to serious structural problems.

Another aspect to highlight is that the barracks are usually raised in illegally occupied land. They are often found in areas that should not be inhabited for reasons of security, What river banks or slopes.

Rural construction

In some regions of Spain, the barraca is a construction that serves as the home of the farmers.

Barraca as a house for farmers

In the Murcia region and in the Valencian Community (Spain), a barraca is known as a labrador dwelling, located between orchards. These houses were traditionally made of adobe and had a gabled roof.

The barracks usually have a rectangular floor plan, a triangular roof and a door on each façade. Its environments include dining room, kitchen room and two or three bedrooms.

Warehouse of goods

In several Latin American countries the building used for the storage of merchandise destined for trade. In the barracks they can be deposited wool, leathers and other products.

Usually the concept makes mention of the old building that was raised near a River to facilitate the transfer of the collected items. These barracks could be of great economic importance.

In the Buenos aires city (Argentina), in this framework, there is a neighborhood called Barracks. It takes its name from those barracks that, at the end of the century XVIII, were located next to the Creek and they were dedicated mainly to the collection of leather.

La barraca, name of a fish and a plant

The scope of the biology also appeals to the idea of ​​barraca for the denomination of a species of fish and of a plant species. The animal in question bears the scientific name of Lepidion lepidion, while the vegetable was baptized as Apium nodiflorum.

Regarding the fish, also called mediterranean lepidion or red moranella, belongs to the order of the gadiformes and lives in the Mediterranean. Bluish in color, it has a pair of dorsal fins that lack spines.

According to the plant, integrates the group of apiaceae and is known according to the region as watercress, berra, berrera or collard greens. Its growth occurs in the center and south of the European continent.

A novel by Blasco Ibáñez

The Spanish writer Vicente Blasco Ibáñez published in 1898 a novel titled “The barraca”. The work portrays the difficult life of the Valencian peasants of the XIX century.

The book had a film adaptation directed by the Mexican Roberto Gavaldon which premiered in [1945 and a television version as a nine-part series that aired Spanish Television (TVE) on 1979.