In order to begin to know the meaning of the term baritone, we are going to establish, first of all, what is its etymological origin. In this case, it can be stated that it is an Italian word that, in turn, derives from the Greek. Exactly comes from “baritones” that is formed by two clearly delimited components:
-The adjective “barys”, which is synonymous with “heavy”.
-The noun “tones”, which can be translated as “tone”.
A baritone is called voice that is between the voice of tenor and the voice of low. The concept is also used to name the individual who has this kind of voice.
The tessitura It is the quality that allows to determine if a voice is baritone or of another type. The notion refers to extension (the interval between the highest sound and the lowest sound) of sounds of a certain frequency that can be emitted by the instrument or voice in question.
The baritone can output lows that are lighter than the bass and darker highs than the tenor. It is possible, on the other hand, to distinguish between different types of baritones. The dramatic baritone is characterized by strength and performance in the bass sector. The light baritone, for its part, stands out for the power of the treble, although it exhibits weakness in the bass.
The baritenor, the verdian baritone, the baritone Martin, the bass-baritone and the baritone buffo they are other baritones that experts identify. Also certain instruments Musicals are identified as baritones, such as the baritone saxophone and the baritone oboe, among others.
The Spanish Placido Domingo, the American Frank Sinatra, English Robbie williams and the Puerto Rican Ricky Martin are some singers who have shown baritone voice and who have managed to triumph in different genres of the music.
Many are the baritones that have left their mark on the world of music. However, among the most important in history we can highlight some like these:
-The Italian Tito Gobbi (1915 – 1984), who performed numerous operas although he was praised especially for his role as Figaro.
-The also Italian Renato Bruson (1936), who managed to be a benchmark, above all and above all, for his tuning ability.
-German Hans Hotter, who achieved a great international projection.
-The Italian Ettore Bastianini (1922 – 1967), who was born in Siena. His charisma, his vocal quality and his attractiveness made this baritone one of the most recognized of his time.
-Piero Cappuccilli (1926 – 2005) was another renowned Italian baritone who has become a benchmark in the world of opera. In particular, there are those who consider him to be the best baritone that any Verdi work has ever performed.
-Leo Nucci (1942), who has taken to the stages of the largest cities in the world. He stood out especially for his role as Rigoletto.