The term ticket it has several uses according to the context. The most common meaning is linked to paper money: that is, to the document printed by the authorities that is used as legal medium of pay.
For instance: “To buy this car you will need a lot of tickets”, “Yesterday they gave me a fake ten peso bill”, “I don’t have a single ticket: I don’t know how I’ll buy food”.
This concept, in this sense, is the ticket of Bank. This is fiat money (based on trust) issued by the monetary authority of a country. These banknotes were created to replace or complement metallic coins, which are difficult to move and store in large quantities.
The first banknotes were created in the 7th century in China. Just in the XVII century were adopted on the European continent, and in the following century they spread throughout the world.
In the same way that it happened and continues to happen with the coins of metal, which were made in gold or silver at the time, the banknotes also suffered inevitable counterfeiting by those who do not wish to obtain their own money by legal and fair means. With paper, counterfeiting proliferated and became easier, partly because it cost much less than metal coins.
In order to avoid fakes or at least control it to minimize its spread, banks have been applying various measures of security, which have evolved over time to deal with the ingenious tactics of counterfeiters. It should be mentioned that marking the banknotes or altering their shape can also lead to a penalty.
At present, banknotes are made with elongated cotton fibers to achieve a paper that is very difficult to imitate; In addition, they apply techniques of Print in several layers, and thus they obtain the watermarks, the invisible ink and the holograms, which allow to distinguish a counterfeit banknote from a legitimate one. Let’s see below some of these measures in detail:
* watermark: also called filigree and consists of the printing of one or more images that are formed from different levels of thickness in the paper. In order to appreciate a watermark, it is necessary to look at the bill against the light;
* bleach: To prevent counterfeiting with plain paper, this technique It is based on the use of paper without optical brighteners for part of the banknote or for its entire surface. To detect it, it must be observed using an ultraviolet light lamp;
* reliefs: they can be seen by passing your fingers over the banknote;
* optically variable ink: East material it changes color according to the angle at which the light hits.
Apart from cotton, it is common for paper money to be made from textile fibers such as linen. Some countries manufacture them in polymer to increase their resistance, and add a small cap transparent with a thickness of a few millimeters, something that is especially difficult for less experienced criminals and with few resources to counterfeit. This technique is applied in Mexico, Australia, Paraguay, Brazil, Guatemala, Hong Kong, Chile and New Zealand.
The concept of banknote is also used to name the role granted by the straight to use a conveyance or to enter a venue and the ticket that documents the participation of a lottery or a lottery: “My parents gave me a plane ticket to see Paris”, “Tomorrow I’m going to buy the train ticket”, “Where is the ticket? The raffle will take place in a few minutes … “.