The first thing we are going to do before entering fully into the definition of balsam is to know its etymological origin. In this case we can say that it is a word that derives from the Greek, exactly from “balsamon”, which was the name given to a tree whose resin had a really pleasant aroma.
The concept is used to name the substance obtained from some trees that is characterized by its aroma.
The balms, barely come out of the tree, have an almost translucent tonality and are liquid. When they come into contact with the atmosphere, they take on a darker color and thicken.
Also called balsam floors of different family groups that harbor this type of substances and medicines made with aromatic elements that are used as a remedy.
Usually a balm is made up of resin, ester, alcohol Y acid. According to which substance predominates in its composition, its viscosity level and its color change. Its most common use is as flavoring, although they are also used in certain rituals.
In the Ancient Egypt, by example, It was customary for mummies to be added balsams as part of the development of mummification. Thats why he process also known as embalmment.
The balsam of Judea, also called balsam of mecca, is one of the many existing balms. It is obtained from plant Commiphora gileadensis, has a yellowish color and stands out for its intense smell.
Within the cultural sphere, it should be noted that there is a well-known balm. We are referring to the Balsam of Fierabrás. A miraculous and very healing balm that is mentioned on numerous occasions by the character of Don Quixote in the novel of the same name written by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra.
It was a balm capable of healing all kinds of wounds and ailments and has its origin in a legendary figure. We are referring to the gentleman of the Carolingian era Fierabrás. This was the son of a Saracen king who converted to Christianity and who, according to legend, found in Rome a very powerful balm.
We say very powerful because it, which seems to be the one used to carry out the embalming of the corpse of Jesus Christ, had miraculous properties.
Don Quixote makes mention of this concoction, as we have mentioned on several occasions. In one of them he goes so far as to affirm that he knows perfectly how to elaborate it. Thus, he tells his faithful squire Sancho Panza that it is prepared with rosemary, wine, salt and even oil. Hence, I ask him to make it to heal the wounds he has suffered in combat.
It should be noted that the notion of balsam is also used symbolically to name a relief, palliative or comfort: “Getting a victory would be a balm for us”, “Physical pain will accompany you throughout your life, but with religion we can offer you a spiritual balm”, “Finding out what happened to my father was a balm for me”.