Argument is a term that comes from the Latin word argumentum. Its about reasoning used to prove or prove a proposition or to convince another person of what is affirmed or denied.

For instance: “Before getting angry, you should listen to my arguments”, “You cannot defend such an idea without any argument”, “The argument given by the manager to explain the decision did not conform to anyone”, “Dr. López trusts that his argument will allow obtaining the benefit”.


The argument expresses a reasoning.

Characteristics of an argument

The argument is the expression, whether oral or written, of a reasoning. It allows to justify something as a reasonable action with two possible purposes: persuade another subject (to promote a certain action) or transmit content with a sense of truth (promoting understanding).

An argument must be coherent and consistent, without exhibiting contradictions. Only in this way will it achieve its objectives, otherwise it will be contested or rejected by the receiver.

The concept at the judicial level

This term that we are dealing with, we have to say that it becomes an element of great value within the judicial sphere. And it is precisely the arguments that will become the key for a lawyer to be able to demonstrate the innocence of his client or, in the opposite case, the guilt of the accused against whom his client is going.

In either of the two situations, what is clear is that before the judge the lawyer must present solid and irrefutable arguments that make it clear that what he defends is the absolute truth.

Specifically, among the main arguments that the defense can use to achieve “victory” in the trial are the alibi, the procedural irregularity, the grounds for justification or the grounds for exemption from criminal responsibility. This last element is the one in which the defendant acknowledges having committed the crime but also the one that was impossible to avoid due to a loss of consciousness, being coerced, suffering from dementia or having a decreased ability.

For the logic, an argument is a set of premises followed by a conclusion. When this conclusion necessarily follows from the premises, it speaks of a deductively valid argument.


The subject of a book or a movie can be called a plot.

Argument as the subject of a work

Another use of argument is linked to the subject or matter that is dealt with in a work. When a person narrates the plot of a movie or a book, what he does is expose the main ideas and actions: “It is a very well acted comedy, but with a predictable plot”, “The plot of the filmmaker’s new film caused great controversy in the Arab world”.

In this case, it must be stated that the term argument is often confused with synopsis and summary. However, the differentiation that can be made is as follows:

• Argument, with which in a few lines an attempt is made to express what subject the work is about.
• Synopsis, consists of making a short story from the book or movie giving an account of the name of some characters or more specific details.
• Summary, follows the lines of the synopsis but is longer than it.