The notion of Apache refers to a set of aboriginal peoples who lived in a region currently integrated into the territory of United States and of Mexico. The Apaches were Warriors and they dedicated themselves to farming, the hunting and the fishing.
The concept also refers to the group of tongues these communities spoke. Today some six thousand Apaches live on reservations found in the states of Oklahoma, New Mexico Y Arizona.
It is estimated that origins of the Apache community are in Canada. Over the course of half a millennium, the Apaches migrated from there to the American West and the Mexican North, where at the end of the century XVI they met for the first time with the Spanish conquerors.
The Apaches fought the Europeans and also fought other Aboriginal tribes for a long time. Historians highlight its territorial knowledge and its warlike capacity to resist the advances of the conquest and even to invade other land and carry out assaults.
Apaches usually lived grouped in family clans but there was no political union between the different towns, many of which were semi-nomads. To the region where the Apaches were located, which included areas of the US and Mexican states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Coahuila, Chihuahua Y Sonora, it was called Apachería.
Clashes with the Spaniards, Mexicans and Americans
The struggle among Apaches and Europeans it was extensive. Simultaneously, they also had disputes with the comanches and the Sioux.
Later they faced the Mexicans and the Americans. Thus the Apaches defended their lands and their culture on the war path from the century XVI (when the Spanish arrived) until XIX century (already against the armies of Mexico Y United States in calls apache wars).
Just in 1928 Mexican authorities declared that the Apache ethnic group had become extinct in the country. Since then, the surviving Apaches have been on reservations in Oklahoma, New Mexico Y Arizona (United States).
Apache Society and Religion
The basic social organization of the Apaches was the family. Several families, in turn, could unite in local groups, although there was no collective consciousness shared by the entire Apache nation.
The Apaches lived by farming, gathering plants, hunting, fishing, and bartering. As for pre-Hispanic religion, they believed in mythological heroes, associated certain animals with demons, and had shamans who headed their rites and ceremonies. Over time, many Apaches turned to Christianity.
The term associated with crime
At the beginning of twentieth century, in France Apaches began to be called criminal gangs that were characterized by wearing distinctive clothing and moving in a group. The denomination was linked to the conduct of aborigines that they used to loot and escape, moving from one place to another so as not to be caught.
The concept later began to be used in Argentina to name criminals who came from France. These Apaches, who used to dedicate themselves to procuring, are portrayed in various tangos.
In the field of computing, finally, Apache is the name of a Web server open source. It was featured in nineteen ninety five and since then multiple versions have been released.
The server Apache It works with Windows, Unix and other platforms. Its structure is modular.