The Portuguese word indigo, which can be translated as “indigo”, came to German as Anilin, in turn derived from the French aniline. Ours idiom the concept arrived as aniline.
Aniline is a amine: that is, a substance that derives from ammonia (a gas that is formed with one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms). This organic compound is used in different ways in the industrial field.
Aniline is generally used as Colorant and for the elaboration of paintings. The British chemist William Perkin (1838-1907) was the one who warned that aniline, from its oxidation and dilution, allowed to obtain synthetic dyes. The discoverer of aniline, however, was the German Otto Unverdorben (1806-1873), whose discovery took place in 1826, three decades before the experiments of Perkin.
The development of herbicides, the production of Rubber and the manufacture of explosives they can also be carried out with the use of aniline. Notably, the molecules can dissolve in many organic solvents, are slightly soluble in water, and do not evaporate rapidly at room temperature.
It is important to emphasize that aniline is toxic and can cause various damages to the Health from its inhalation, its ingestion or even its contact. This is because aniline causes damage to hemoglobin.
Headache, dizziness, skin irritation and seizures are some of the disorders that aniline is capable of causing in women. persons. Therefore it is recommended to avoid prolonged exposure and direct contact.