The term anchor derives from the Latin word anchor, although its most remote origins are in the tongue Greek. An anchor is a very heavy item that is attached to a chain and that is thrown at Water from a boat so that it buries at the bottom so that the boat does not move.
The anchor, in this way, allows the ship to stand still beyond currents. Typically, the anchor has two hooks that are driven into the ground, preventing the boat from being dragged by the force of the water.
It must be established that every anchor is divided into several parts. We are referring to the cane, the harness, the arms, the map, the nails and the stocks.
When the boat is very large, it is common for it to have three anchors: two in the bow sector and the third in the stern. Anchors can weigh twenty tons when they are dimensions of the boat are spacious.
Refering to chain of the anchor, it is made of wrought iron. These chains are formed with links that, every 25 meters, present a link with particular characteristics (it can be disassembled). Chain is measured in shackles: sections of 27.5 meters. This allows sailors to know how much chain is underwater after dropping the anchor.
There are many and varied types of anchor that exist, among which we can highlight the following:
– Grapnel anchor, which is frequently used by small boats. It is identified by the fact that it is very effective in bottoms where there are many algae and many rocks.
-Danforth anchor. It is one of the most popular varieties and is especially appropriate when it comes to funds with a lot of mud and even sand.
-Plow anchor. This is considered one of the most common and has in its favor that it is usually very useful for all types of seabed, although it is not the most appropriate in those that are rocky.
It is precisely necessary to know that many people who have worked at sea, who have been part of the army of the sea or who have a strong connection with it have proceeded and continue to tattoo an anchor on their body. In this case, you have to know that, in addition to being an evocation of the sea, this element is associated with other meanings:
-It is an amulet, as it is considered to bring good fortune.
-No less relevant is the fact that it is a symbol of stability, which the sailor achieved when he disembarked and returned home, to his home on the mainland.
-It is considered that it can also be used as a synonym for security, tranquility, character …
It should be noted that the idea anchor is used in a symbolic way with reference to that which supposes a ballast, that hold or what prevents advance. For instance: “You have to quit this job: it is an anchor for your professional growth”, “This mall needs an anchor store that attracts shoppers and makes them stay in place for several hours”.