The concept of administration refers to the operation, structure and performance of the organizations. The term comes from the Latin ad-ministrare (“to serve”) or ad manus trahere (“to handle” or “to manage”).
The notion can also be used to name a public authority, such as the government of a territory, or those responsible for a private entity, such as the directors of a company.
On the other hand, the public administration of a State is the set of agencies that are in charge of applying the directives essential for compliance with laws and regulations. Public buildings and officials also make up the public administration, which appears as the link between political power and citizenship.
Administration as science
Administration can be understood as the discipline that is responsible for managing resources (whether material or human) based on scientific criteria and aimed at satisfying a specific objective.
There are times when the term administration is used to refer to the social science known as business administration. This science studies the organization of companies and the way they manage the resources, processes and results of their activities.
The accounting (which provides useful information for making economic decisions) and marketing (which studies the behavior of consumers in the market), for example, are considered administrative sciences.
For instance: “If we want this company to grow, we will have to improve the administration of resources”, “I think you still have a lot to learn about the administration of a house”, “Claims must be made in the administration office”.
The concept according to the TGA
In the General Theory of Administration, known by the acronym TGA, the knowledge that is had to date about the administration of companies and organizations is gathered.
It is possible to analyze administration through this theory of organizations, which is dedicated to studying the way in which people manage their resources and establish interactions with the external environment to satisfy their needs.
There are two ways with marked differences to define this concept: the administration as discipline (set of principles, ideas and concepts that must be taken into account to guide a group), and the administration as a technique(set of functions and activities that an administrator must perform to achieve the objectives of the organization he represents)
In the administration, the theory it only occupies a tiny space, it is not possible for it to exist without technique, without these concepts being pigeonholed within a set of activities that make them true. In the administration the technique it is the natural vehicle for carrying out and testing the discoveries of science.
In the administrative study it is tried analyze companies and organizations and try to understand its real functioning, its evolution, growth and behavior. If the technique was not based on the knowledge of science, then we would be facing an empirical test and we would be acting in a way that cannot be considered scientific.
The administration under the gaze of different authors
According Hermida, Serra and Kastika It is impossible to consider administration as an art, because neither experiences nor subjective interpretations of reality have a place. This is how they express it in the book entitled “Administration and strategy, Theory and practice”, published by Ediciones Macchi.
For Henry Sisk Mario Administration is the fusion of all the resources that are owned through a planned scheme, a process consisting of: planning, direction and control, and whose objective is to achieve what the company proposes as its goal.
Jose A. Fernandez Arena he sees it as a social science whose goal is to satisfy the institutional objectives of each medium through a unified structure and effort.
For its part, George R. Terry, says that it consists of planning to achieve specific objectives based on the effort of others.
In the administration technique It is essential to understand the resources you have in order to find the most appropriate objectives based on them and to carry out efficient administrative work. It should be noted that it has principles, laws and procedures that serve for a rational conduct of organizations.