Mangoes are a stone fruit that grow on evergreen trees. The trees can grow up to 100 feet tall, but the fruit-bearing branches are usually cut back to about 20 feet to make harvesting easier. A mature mango tree will produce about 50 to 200 fruits per season.
The mango fruit has a thick skin that is green when the fruit is unripe and turns yellow, orange, or red when ripe. The flesh of the fruit is a creamy white or yellow and is surrounded by a large, hard pit.
Mangoes are native to southern Asia, but they are now grown in tropical regions all over the world. In the United States, Florida and Hawaii are the main producers of mangoes.
The life cycle of a mango tree begins with a seed. The seed is planted in a Nursery and the tree grows for 3-4 years before it is ready to be transplanted to a field. Once in the field, the tree will bear fruit for 20-30 years.
The growth stages of a mango tree are:
Seed germination- The seed is planted in a Nursery and germinates within 2-3 weeks.
Seedling stage- The seedling grows in the Nursery for 3-4 years.
Transplanting stage- The seedling is transplanted to a field when it is 3-4 years old.
Fruiting stage- The tree will bear fruit for 20-30 years.
The mango is a stone fruit that belongs to the genus Mangifera, which comprises around 35 species. Mangoes are native to South Asia, from where the ‘common mango’ or ‘Indian mango’, Mangifera indica, has been distributed worldwide. The fruit is harvested in the wild and also cultivated in many parts of the globe.
How long does mango take to grow?
M mangoes take about 3-6 months to grow from a seedling to a mature tree. Once the tree has flowered and fruited, it can take anywhere from 2-7 months for the fruit to mature and be ready to harvest.
What are the growth stages of a mango?
The growth stages of a mango are as follows:
1. The first stage is known as the vegetative stage where the tree grows rapidly, reaching its full height.
2. The second stage is called the flowering stage where the tree produces flowers.
3. The third stage is known as the fruiting stage where the tree produces fruits.
4. The fourth and final stage is known as the senescence stage where the tree begins to decline in productivity and eventually dies.
How long after flowering do mangoes appear?
After a mango tree flowers, it takes about three to six months for the fruit to appear.
1. Mango trees should be planted in an area that receives full sun.
2. Mango trees require well-drained soil.
3. Mango trees should be fertilized regularly.
4. Mango trees should be watered regularly.
5. Mango trees should be pruned regularly.
The mango is a fast-growing, long-lived tree that can reach a height of 30–40 m (98–130 ft) and a trunk diameter of about 1 m (3 ft 3 in). The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, oblong-lanceolate, 10–30 cm (4–12 in) long, and 6–16 cm (2–6 in) broad; when young they are tinged red, turning dark green as they mature. The flowers are white, 5–7 cm (2–3 in) diameter, with numerous, short petals. The fruit is a drupe, variable in size, shape, and color.