Sailboat is a term that refers to the boat which is propelled by the wind action about they candles. It should be remembered that candles They are cloths of different sizes and shapes that are tied to the mast and that are part of a system known as rig, which allows you to take advantage of the impulse provided by the air.
In the nautical world, the term rig refers to the group formed by poles, rigging, sails Y yardsAll the elements that allow a boat to move thanks to the impulse of the wind, whose force is printed directly on the sails, which transmit it to the other three components and thus the thrust of the hull takes place.
Let’s see below a brief description of each of the elements mentioned in the previous paragraph, present in the rigging of a sailboat:
* sticks: they are also known by the name of masts, and they are located vertically in the body of the boat to support the weight of a large part of the rig;
* rigging: these are the ropes and ropes that are used to hold or stabilize the other elements of the rig. The firm they are always tense and give stability lateral to the sticks, while the mobiles can be adjusted in the middle of a maneuver;
* candles: it is the most popular part of the rig, and the only one that is related to the sailboat from a linguistic point of view. They are flexible canvas or canvas bodies of various sizes, depending on the characteristics of the boat;
* cocks: they are poles that lock on the masts transversely to bear the square candles, for which it holds them above or below.
For example: “My dream is to have a sailboat to navigate the lake”, “An Indian sailboat prevailed in the last regatta that was played in this river”, “Yesterday we spent the whole afternoon aboard the sailboat, having fun”.
The first sailing ships are believed to have been developed by the Egyptians some 5000 years. They emerged as a means of transport to advance through different water courses, although with the weather They also began to be used for sporting, recreational and military purposes.
Beyond that the sailboats use the force from the wind to move, their rigging allows them to navigate even with a headwind. The rig also allows you to control the boat with precision beyond the direction of the wind.
A glider sailboat, on the other hand, is a aircraft that has no motor and manages to fly thanks to aerodynamics. It is also known simply as glider and it was designed in 1877 by Otto Lilienthal; a decade and a half later, it made its first flight.
The glider sailboat has large wings and, in the same way as hang gliders and paragliders, it is supported and moved exclusively thanks to the action of the wind. Also like the other two, it is used to practice free flight, since it does not have an engine, and for the sport known as volleyball or sailing.
One of its most outstanding characteristics is that it loses very little height compared to the distance you are able to travel on each flight (this is called glide ratio). In other words, the glider is the most efficient vehicle to fly.
The concept of sailboat is also used to name the subject who is dedicated to the manufacture and marketing of candles, according to dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE). It is important to mention that a candle can be an element that has a wick covered by paraffin, wax or other solid fuel; in this case, the candles are used to illuminate.