Offer Early Export Performance Tips?
It is still very early in the 2022/23 market year and it is dangerous to draw too many conclusions from exports in the first few months. Markets are constantly changing, often in unpredictable ways, and it’s important to keep predictions and forecasts in check.
How to Grow Chickpeas
English Name: Chickpea, Gram. Scientific name: Cicer arietinum. Family: Fabaceae. Importance of Chickpea Chickpea is one of the oldest cash pulse crops and cultivated throughout the Indian Subcontinent since ancient times. Chickpea is commonly known as “Bengal Gram” (or) “Chana”. Chickpea is consumed as a vegetable as well as fodder for livestock/animals. Chickpea can be made into split meal (Chana Dal) and flour (besan). A variety of snacks, sweets and dishes can be made from chickpea flour. Chickpea Variety BARI chhola 2 (Boral), BARI chhola 3 (Varendro), BARI chhola 4 (Jora ful), BARI chhola 5 (Pabnai), BARI chhola 6 (Navarun), BARI chhola 7, BARI chhola 8, BARI chhola 8, BARI chhola 8, BARI chhola 5 (Pabnai), . Climate for growing chickens Chicken crops grow well under good humid conditions with an ideal temperature between 24º-30ºC. Chickpeas are cultivated under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. Chickpea is essentially a seasonal annual crop and prefers a daily cycle of cool days (17.8°-21°C) and warm days (21°-26.7°C). This crop is particularly frost tolerant @ the flowering stage as this will damage the development of the seeds in the pod. Every year 65 to 95 cm of rain is needed to cultivate it. Excessive rainfall after sowing, flowering stage and seed maturity stage will result in severe loss of crop yield. Soil for Chickpea Cultivation Loam and clay-loam soils are suitable for chickpea cultivation. It can be grown on soils with a pH range of 6.0-9.0 although it is sensitive to salinity and alkalinity. Chickpea grows in fertile sandy loam and well-drained soils. Land Preparation for Chicken Farming The land should be prepared by 3-4 Ploughing, cross-ploughing with a ladder. Sowing Method for Chicken Cultivation Broadcasting and line sowing can be done. For laying a line, a distance of 40 cm from Row to Row. Seed Rate Broadcasting: 50-60 kg/ha. • Line sowing: 45-50 kg/ha. Sowing time November 20 – December 10. Application of Fertilizers for Chickpea Cultivation Fertilizers Quantity / ha Urea 40-50 kg TSP Boric Acid 10 kg should be applied to the entire preparation and fertilizer 30 -40kg Biofertilizer can be used 80 g/kg of seed. If inoculum fertilizer is applied there is no need to apply Urea. Irrigation for chicken farming Chickens can be cultivated mainly as a rainfed crop. This crop requires light irrigation. Excess water should result in additional vegetative growth and reduce chickpea yields. If this crop is cultivated under irrigated condition, pre-cultivation irrigation is required for better germination of the seed. In case of no rain, give 1 irrigation @ pre-bloom, 1 irrigation @ flowering stage and 1 irrigation @ part development stage. Chickpea crop does not tolerate water stagnation in the field. So provide good internal drainage in the field. Intercultural chicken farming operation Weed Control: Chicken crops are more susceptible to weed infestation. Weeds should be controlled 30-35 days after emergence. The 2nd weeding should be given after 2 months after sowing. Herbicides can also be used to control the weeds in the crop. Apply precursor fluchloralin 1 kg as base/ha in 900 liters of water. It should be added to the soil before planting the seeds. Chickpea Pest and Disease Control ▲ Cutworms and Pod Borers are the main pests in chickpea farming. Cutworms: To control this, apply Lindane 6% granules @ 2030 kg/ha mixed in the soil. Lorry Pod: To control this, apply a spray of Endosulfan 35 EC @ 1.30 liters mixed in 900 1000 liters of water/ha. ▲Wilt, Botrytis Gray Mold, Sclerotinia blight, rust and Ascochyta blight are the main diseases in hill farming. Wilt: This is mainly caused by a fungus, Treating the seeds with a mixture of Benlate de Thiram (1:1) @ 2.5 g per kg of seed will control these diseases. Deep planting of seeds also controls this to some extent. Botrytis Gray Mold: Bavistin will control the crop with 0.2%. Late planting also reduces the chance of this disease occurring. Sclerotinia Blight: Select healthy seeds and treat the field soil with Captan & Brassicol mixture @ 12 kg per ha to control this disease. Rust: To control this disease in chickpea crop, spray the chickpea crop with 0.2% Mancozeb 75 WP followed by 2 more sprays @ 9 to 10 days interval. Choosing varieties that are resistant to “Rust”, will help to avoid this type of disease. Ascochyta Blight: To control this, follow the crop rotation and treat the seeds with Thiram or Bavistin @ 2.5 g/kg of seed before sowing. Harvesting the chickpeas A chickpea crop will be ready to harvest when the leaves turn red-brown and begin to drop from the plant. Using a sickle or hand, plants should be uprooted. He should allow the crop to dry in the sun for about a week and beating should be done by beating the plants with sticks. Chickpea yield 1.52 tonnes/ha.
Useful Agricultural Websites
Leave a Reply