Adzuki Bean is an annual crop, widely grown as a vegetable in East Asia. Scientifically known as Vigna angularis, it belongs to the legume or fabaceae family. It is also known by other names. Common names for adzuki beans include red bean, azuki bean, red mung bean, and aduki.
With this basic information about adzuki in mind, let’s look at how to grow adzuki beans.
Requirements for Growing Adzuki Beans
Planting the seeds
The seeds of adzuki beans should be sown in the garden directly when the soil temperature in the spring season is around 15 °C, for reliable germination. The use of a soil thermometer will make a big difference in planting the adzuki beans and other types of vegetables, mainly beans whose seeds are prone to rot when kept cold for a long time and in wet soil. At 10 to 13 ° C, adzuki beans will take up to 3 weeks to germinate and at 15°C, the plants will grow up in 2 weeks. Hold a soil thermometer 2 inches deep into the ground to get a good reading for planting purposes. The adzuki seeds must be sown 1 ½ inches deep and length 6 inches. When planting adzuki beans in multiple rows, the rows must be spaced at least 20 inches apart.
Read: How to Grow Bean Sprouts in a Jar.
Starting Adzuki Bean Seeds Indoors
Gardeners can get a head start on the season by starting adzuki bean seeds indoors. You can start two to three weeks before the last frost in your region. Using a small knife, a file, or a piece of sandpaper, gently separate the seed pods and place the beans in a shallow pan of clean water. Let the beans soak for two to four hours, then place in peat pots about an inch deep in high-quality potting soil.
Place the seed pots on a germination mat and raise the temperature to 70-75 degrees. Most of your adzuki seeds will sprout within ten days and be ready for the garden when the soil warms up. It would help if you didn’t try to transplant adzuki bean seeds because the roots are delicate. Use a starter pot that you can plant together with the adzuki bean seedling.
Types of Growing Beans at Home
Generally, there are two types of Beans such as Shell Beans and Snap Beans. Both types of beans can grow pole or bush style, but the bean pods make them unique. Shell Beans are harvested from their edible pods and eaten fresh or dried to save for later. While edible, Snap Beans are inside their pod, and are only eaten fresh (not dried for later use). Some common shell beans include black beans, fava beans, black peas, garbanzo beans, and kidney beans.
Some common Snap Beans include Snap Beans (green), Adzuki Beans, Mung Beans, Asparagus Beans, and Scarlet Runner Beans.
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