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Name the most common methodologies of art.

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An artist drawing, for example, may choose to draw from what he or she looks at in front of them, or from what they imagine or already know about the subject. These 3 modes are likely to produce 3 very different pictures. A careful methodology would include an examination of the materials and tools used and how different types of canvas / brush / paper / pencil / rag / camera / chisel etc would have a different effect.